Alphabets (Haroof) حروف
In Arabic Alphabet is called “Harf”, two alphabets are called “Harfein” and more than two alphabets are called “Haroof”. Note unlike English, in Arabic we have a special term used for a pair (i.e. two alphabets are called “Herfein”).
Arabic language consist of 30 (28 + 2) letters and Contrary to the Latin scripts Arabic is written from right to left (in horizontal lines), but numerals are written from left to right.
Alphabet Pronunciation Guide or Ikhraaj
Where the letters are pronounced from?
Please note the place each Alphabet is pronounced from as illustrated in the picture above.
Commonly Mispronounced Alphabets
Shapes and Joining Alphabets
Arabic language has 28 basic alphabets which take different shapes depending on the positioning within the word itself i.e. it may have a different form if used as a first, middle or last letter. Some letters can be combined with the next letter while other can’t be combined and have to be written by themselves. All basic Arabic letters are consonants. The following table summarises all letters, their shapes (as isolated, or when used in the beginning, middle or end of the word).
Nearly every-Arabic Alphabet can be joined to its next Alphabet from both sides (normal letters), and they can have up to four contextual shapes: