About This Site
This site explains some of the principles of tajweed and focuses on the problems that non-Arabs have in reciting the Quran properly. Starting from the Arabic Alphabets ending with complete Ayat from Quran. The site takes the learner step by step through typical examples from the Holy Quran, as it covers alphabet pronunciations, Short Vowels, Long Vowels, Double Vowels/Tanween, Sukoon, Shaddah, Maddah and other rules of recitation.
Goal: To read Holy Quran as the Prophet Mohammed peace and blessings be upon him recited.
The word Quran means “Recited One” and is derived from the root “Qara”.
All praise be to Allah Who created mankind, gave them the gift of expression and revealed for them the Holy Quran, which is a source of advice, healing, guidance and mercy for those who have faith. The Holy Quran contains nothing that is doubtful or crooked. It is absolutely an authority and enlightenment for the believers. Al-Quran (Muslims Holy Book) is the final divine revelation (message of Allah) communicated through His final messenger Muhammad (Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam). Muslims believe that Islam is the perfect way of life and the Holy Quran is a complete code for entire humanity. The Quran contains a universal message for the whole of mankind without any limitation of time and space.
The Quran (English pronunciation: /kɔrˈɑːn/[n 1] kor-AHN ; Arabic: القرآن al-qurʾān, IPA: [qurˈʔaːn],[n 2] literally meaning “the recitation”), also transliterated Qur’an, Koran, Al-Coran, Coran, Kuran, and Al-Qur’an, is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله, Allah). It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.
The Quran is composed of verses (Ayat) that make up 114 chapters (suras) of unequal length which are classified either as Meccan (المكية) or Medinan (المدينية) depending upon the place and time of their claimed revelation. Muslims believe the Quran to be revealed through angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad gradually over a period of approximately 23 years beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632 CE, the year of his death.
Shortly after Muhammad’s death the Quran was compiled into a single book by order of the first Caliph Abu Bakr and at the suggestion of his future successor Umar. Hafsa, Muhammad’s widow and Caliph Umar’s daughter, was entrusted with that Quranic text after the second Caliph Umar died. When the third Caliph Uthman began noticing slight differences in pronunciation of the Quranic Arabic by those whose dialect was not that of the Quraish, he sought Hafsa’s permission to use her text and commissioned a committee to produce a standard copy of the text of Quran to which added diacritical marks ensured correct pronunciation, and to be set as the standard dialect, the Quraish dialect, now known as Fus’ha (Modern Standard Arabic). Five of these original Qurans (Mus’haf) were sent to the major Muslim cities of the era, with Uthman keeping one for his own use in Medina. Any variations to standardized text were invalidated and ordered to be destroyed, all other versions of the Quran copied by scribes subsequently were from this codex. This process of formalization is known as the “Uthmanic recension“. The present form of the Quran text is accepted by most scholars as the original version compiled by Abu Bakr.
Muslims regard the Quran as the main miracle of Muhammad, the proof of his prophethood and the culmination of a series of divine messages that started with the messages revealed to Adam, regarded in Islam as the first prophet, and continued with the Suhuf Ibrahim (Scrolls of Abraham), the Tawrat (Torah or Pentateuch) of Moses, the Zabur (Tehillim or Book of Psalms) of David, and the Injil (Gospel) of Jesus. The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in Jewish and Christian scriptures, summarizing some, dwelling at length on others and in some cases presenting alternative correct accounts and interpretations of events. The Quran describes itself as a book of guidance, sometimes offering detailed accounts of specific historical events, and often emphasizing the moral significance of an event over its narrative sequence.
Preservation of the Holy Quran
Allah says in Holy Quran
Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption) 15:9 Al-Hijr.
It is for Us to collect it and to give you (O Muhammad SAW) the ability to recite it (the Quran), 75:17 Al-Qiyâmah
Allah guarantees that He will preserve and protect this Book. Some of the remarkable features of the Quran are: The Holy Quran has been preserved in the minds of large number of individuals. Secondly, its pronunciation or the manner it was recited is preserved till today and this knowledge has been passed on from person to person. Thirdly, its text is preserved in the original form and it was arranged under the auspices of the Holy Prophet himself. Fourthly, along with its text the meaning of Holy Quran have been preserved, the entire exegesis of the Quran is intact as it was explained to the companions by the Prophet and to their successors. Fifthly, its teachings or commandments are preserved in the form of actions by the Muslim community.
Recitation of the Holy Quran
- The reciter of the Holy Quran must perform the ritual ablution.
- The intention when reciting the Holy Quran should be to gain the pleasure of Allah.
- When commencing with the recitation of the Holy Quran
– Start by reciting:-
“I seek Allah’s protection from Satan, the accursed.”
And thereafter recite :-
“In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.”